Capacity Building Department
In 2015 the Afghan people are still in crucial need of humanitarian aids. ACBAR and its members have always been committed to enhance the quality of humanitarian activities. A major challenge which continuously influences the quality of NGOs activities is the weak capacity of NGOs staff, particularly at a province level. Hence, ACBAR has taken the initiative to develop training modules and conduct capacity building throughout Afghanistan.
In order to achieve this important objective, ACBAR has a Capacity Building Department which implements 3 capacity building projects in Kabul and in the provinces, funded by Japan Partners, TAWANMANDI and DFID.
The department consists of two professional programs:
- The Support Humanitarian Assistance – Twinning Program (funded by DFID)
The aim of this program is to support the NGOs represented by ACBAR in responding to the humanitarian crisis through the existing humanitarian system in Afghanistan. Through a Twinning Program, Afghan NGOs (twinnees) will be trained by INGOs (twinners) to carry out assessments on protection, WASH, food security, health and nutrition; and to properly submit grants (quality and needs correspondence). The aim is to increase the capacity of Afghan NGOs to participate in the planning, co-ordination and delivery of collective humanitarian programs in Afghanistan.
Over 4 years, ACBAR will help increase NGO capacity to manage humanitarian assistance by providing technical (including training, supervision and human resources) and logistical support to:
- Clusters (Health, Nutrition, WASH, Shelter and protection)
- 40 Afghan NGOs members of ACBAR
In collaboration with the OCHA and the UN Cluster system, the program aims at improving information on the country’s humanitarian needs and developing NGO assistance by fostering a professional NGO community.
The Twinning Program is made up of a Program Manager who is responsible for working in collaboration with UNOCHA to establish training and twinning/mentoring program with a focus on program management skills and training. This includes acting as a liaison with UNOCHA regarding due diligence assessments and identifying training needs for Afghan NGOs.
The Twinning Manager is responsible for the establishment of twinning/mentoring agreements between national and international NGOs. The Twinning Manager also liaises with Cluster Coordinators and international NGOs on the use of standards, indicators and reporting cycles for use in the mentoring/twinning program. Furthermore the Twinning Manager will map linkages with cluster capacity and build activities for inclusion in the mentoring/twinning process.
A Humanitarian Manager will design and implement training modules and training courses: The courses will take place in Kabul and other provinces or districts. The Humanitarian manager is also responsible for the communication and coordination about the training sessions with NGOs/CSOs and government line departments in Kabul and in the provinces. This includes logistical issues as well as monitoring and evaluation of the program.
Two remote managers
will also work closely with the Afghan NGOs in the field, conduct trainings and monitoring the Project.
- The Afghan Civil Society Support Initiative (Funded by AAR Japan, Civil Sophia, JCV, Japan Official Development Association Program and Peace Winds Japan)
The aim of the program is to strengthen the work of the civil society actors in order to expand services into provinces and districts through coordination, capacity building; learning and training, in order to enhance their ability to efficiently and effectively address basic needs and protect the rights of Afghans.
The trainings are conducted in Kabul as well as provinces selected on a needs assessment. The training subjects are: ‘Humanitarian Access in Situations of Armed Conflict’ ‘Project Cycle Management’, in addition to trainings Afghanistan’s Income Tax Law, Labor Law, NGOs Law and Code of Conduct for NGOs.
The training team consists of 2 trainers, 1 M & E officer, Training Manager Assistant and is managed by the Capacity Building Manager.The Training Subjects
- Humanitarian Access in Situations of Armed Conflict & Humanitarian Principles.
The ongoing conflict in Afghanistan is a challenge for humanitarian actors and humanitarian access; this challenge is compounded by a lack of familiarity among parties to the conflict and the humanitarian actors about the international legal standards pertaining to humanitarian access in situations of armed conflict.
Afghanistan is a party to the four Geneva Conventions of 1949 and to Additional Protocol II 1977. Based on the Geneva Conventions and Additional Protocol II, the parties to the conflict have a responsibility to facilitate humanitarian access for the people who are in need. Article 3, common to the four Geneva Conventions of 1949, establishes minimum standards that parties, including State and non-State actors shall, respect in non-international armed conflicts. Civilian casualties and violation against different civilian groups, including national and international NGOs, UN agencies and other Humanitarian Agencies is a big challenge today in Afghanistan.
By conducting trainings on Humanitarian Access in Situation of Armed Conflicts & Humanitarian Principles
the participant’s capacity will be built on the legal framework of humanitarian access in situation of armed conflict.
- Project Cycle Management
A training module developed by ACBAR, mainly discussing on method of data collection, data analysis, report writing and decision making. The training will enable the trainees to:
3- Labor Law 2008
- Decide what kind of data to collect for each project cycle phase (initial assessment, design, monitoring and evaluation)
- Plan and carry out assessments by using different data collection methods and tools
- Analyze data with different methods (statistics, participatory, problem tree, etc.).
- Identify relevant information and contribute to different kinds of project cycle reports (initial assessment, design, monitoring and evaluation)
- Summarize findings to inform the decision-making process.
The Afghan Constitution provides for the right to work. The Afghan Labor Law was endorsed by the government in 2008. Rights, responsibilities and other social insurances of national and international employees are organized by Labor Law.
This training will build and enhance the knowledge and capacity of participants on some specific issues related to labor law such as; work permit, vocations, working times, recruitment conditions, compulsory work, probationary period, range of salary, financial compensation related to work, pension and labor associations.
4- NGO Law 2005
NGOs Law was ratified by Afghan Government in 2005 and published in official Gazette. Afghan NGOs law organizes issues related to national and international NGOs, their rights, responsibilities and relations with the government. The condition of establishing an NGO, the registration authority, using from assets, unauthorized activities for NGOs, NGOs statute, financial resources, audit, reporting to Ministry of Economy, are the important issues described by NGOs law. By conducting trainings on NGOs law, participant will get deep knowledge on their rights and responsibilities against NGOs law. 5- Income Tax Law 2009
The Afghan Income Tax law was ratified by the government in 2009. The most important issues which are related to NGOs in income tax law are financial year, tax of national and international NGOs, Tax exemption, annual salary and tax statement, tax from the foreign citizen’s employment, conditions for using tax exemption, tax penalty if the tax statement is not prepared and tax identification number. These are the issues that NGOs staff has a crucial need to build and enhance their capacity and increase the quality and transparency of their official activities. 6- Code of Conduct
The Code of Conduct is a set is of shared norms, principles and values that aim to guide the conduct of NGOs in Afghanistan. Any NGO operating in Afghanistan and registered with the Ministry of Economy is eligible to sign the Code of Conduct. The Code of Conduct is consisting of general principles, operating principles, code of observance and an annex. The code was recently revised by member NGOs and republished in to three languages (Dari, Pashto and English).Last Updated April 2015